中国组织工程研究 ›› 2012, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (11): 1941-1944.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-8225.2012.11.010

• 组织构建与生物力学 tissue construction and biomechanics • 上一篇    下一篇

体力劳动农民工足底压力的特征*★

张庆来1,田新明2,郭  强3   

  1. 1山东理工大学体育学院, 山东省淄博市  255049;2中央司法警官学院警体教研部,河北省保定市 071000;   3河北师范大学体育学院,河北省石家庄市  050016
  • 收稿日期:2011-09-24 修回日期:2011-10-24 出版日期:2012-03-11
  • 作者简介:张庆来★,男,1975年生,河北省武邑县人,汉族,河北师范大学体育学院毕业,硕士,副教授,主要从事运动生物力学与体质健康研究。qinglaizhang@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    山东省软科学研究项目(2010RKGB2137):山东省农村体育人文科技环境的优化策略。

Plantar pressure characteristics of migrant workers who perform physical labor  

Zhang Qing-lai1, Tian Xin-ming2, Guo Qiang3   

  1. 1Institute of Physical Education, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255049, Shandong Province, China; 2Department of Police Physical Education, the Central Institute for Correctional Police, Baoding 071000, Hebei Province, China; 3College of Sport Science, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang  050016, Hebei Province, China
  • Received:2011-09-24 Revised:2011-10-24 Online:2012-03-11
  • About author:Zhang Qing-lai★, Master, Associate professor, Institute of Physical Education, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255049, Shandong Province, China qinglaizhang@163.com
  • Supported by:

    the Soft Science Foundation of Shandong Province, No. 2010RKGB2137*

摘要:

背景:国内外研究多集中于常人和患者的足底压力特征,有关体力劳动农民工足底压力特征的研究鲜见报道。
目的:测试经常性体力劳动农民工的足底压力。
方法:采用比利时Footscan USB2平板式足底压测试系统检测30名经常性参与体力劳动的农民工和30名大学生自然行走过程中的动态足底压力。
结果与结论:农民工组右足第一趾与第二、三跖骨区域的峰值压强显著高于大学生组(P < 0.01),两组足弓指数差异无显著性意义(P > 0.05)。行走过程中农民工组足落地偏角及左右足的内翻人数显著高于大学生组(P < 0.01)。说明经常性参与体力劳作对农民工的足底压力分布有明显影响,表现在足底压力前移,足内翻程度加强,行走过程中足的外偏角度增大,造成下肢伤害的可能性增高。
关键词:农民工;体力劳动;足底压力;健康;大学生
doi:10.3969/j.issn.1673-8225.2012.11.010

关键词: 农民工, 体力劳动, 足底压力, 健康, 大学生

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Researches on plantar pressure characteristics at home and abroad are focused on ordinary people and patients. The plantar pressure characteristics of migrant workers are rarely reported.
OBJECTIVE: To test the plantar pressure of migrant workers performing frequent physical labor.
METHODS: A total of 30 migrant workers performing frequent physical labor were assigned into migrant worker group. While another 30 university students were assigned into university student group. Dynamic plantar pressures of all the subjects during natural walking were tested by a plate plantar pressure test system (Footscan USB2, Belgium).
RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The peak pressure of the first toe, the second and third metatarsus in the right foot of migrant workers was significantly higher than that of the university students (P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in foot arch index between the two groups (P > 0.05).The angle of foot deviation and the occurrence of strephenopodia in migrant worker group were larger than that in the university student group during natural walking (P < 0.01). These results demonstrate that frequent physical labor has an obvious effect on plantar pressure distribution in migrant workers. The phenomena include plantar pressure moving forward, increased strephenopodia extent and magnified foot deviation angle during natural walking. Therefore the possibility of lower limb injury becomes more likely.

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