中国组织工程研究 ›› 2012, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (11): 2051-2054.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-8225.2012.11.035

• 组织构建学术探讨 tissue construction academic discussion • 上一篇    下一篇

人体肌肉短时间工作能力的遗传学特点*★

王仕君   

  1. 焦作师范高等专科学校体育系,河南省焦作市  454000
  • 收稿日期:2011-11-15 修回日期:2012-02-03 出版日期:2012-03-11
  • 作者简介:王仕君★,男,1978年生,河南省伊川县人,汉族,2006年新疆师范大学毕业,硕士,讲师,主要从事学校体育学研究。 jzszxfk@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    由焦作师范高等专科学校体育科学研究所科研经费资助。

Genetics development of human body muscle short-time service ability

Wang Shi-jun   

  1. Department of Physical Education, Jiaozuo Teachers College, Jiaozuo  454000, Henan Province, China
  • Received:2011-11-15 Revised:2012-02-03 Online:2012-03-11
  • About author:Wang Shi-jun★, Master, Lecturer, Department of Physical Education, Jiaozuo Teachers College, Jiaozuo 454000, Henan Province, China jzszxfk@163.com
  • Supported by:

     a grant from the Institute of Physical Education, Jiaozuo Teachers College

摘要:

背景:近年来,研究者们从人类遗传学的角度论证人体肌肉短时工作能力很大程度上受控于基因,且人体肌肉力量、无氧耐力均有较高的遗传度。
目的:就近年来人体肌肉短时间工作能力研究进展进行综述,为今后短时工作能力的遗传学研究打下基础。 
方法:应用计算机检索中国期刊全文数据库、PubMed数据库和Medline database数据库1990/2011相关文献,纳入以短时肌肉工作能力分子遗传学评价的文献报道,选取35篇文献进行分析归纳。
结果与结论:文章归纳了前期动物实验与近期人体试验。在为数不多的与人有关的肌肉短时间工作能力的遗传学研究中,结果取得了惊人的一致性,而且阳性率较高。由此可见,存在于人类肌肉短时间工作能力的个体差异在很大程度上反映了DNA序列及其表达调控差异。伴随着分子生物学的技术的发展,为进一步开展与基因相关的肌肉短时工作能力遗传学研究提供了强有力的理论依据。
关键词:肌肉;短时工作能力;肌肉生长抑制素;力量训练;遗传
doi:10.3969/j.issn.1673-8225.2012.11.035

关键词: 肌肉, 短时工作能力, 肌肉生长抑制素, 力量训练, 遗传

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: In recent years, researchers have demonstrated that, from the perspective of human genetics, human muscles short-term service ability is largely controlled by genes, and body muscle strength and anaerobic endurance have a higher heritability.
OBJECTIVE: To review some findings between genetic factors and muscle short-time service ability in order to search new ways and ideas for the further research.
METHODS: A computer-based search of CNKI, PubMed and Medline databases was performed for articles published between 1990 and 2011 regarding genetic studies of muscle short-time service ability. Finally, 35 papers were included in result analysis.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The article summarizes the early animal experiments and recent human trials. The results from the genetic research of human muscle short-time service ability achieved an amazing consistency and exhibited a high positive rate. Thus, individual differences existing in the human muscle short-time service ability reflects the DNA sequence and its differences in expression regulation to a large extent. Along with the development of molecular biology techniques, these studies provide a strong theoretical basis for further genetic research of gene-related muscle short-time service ability.
 

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