中国组织工程研究 ›› 2012, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (11): 2071-2075.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-8225.2012.11.040

• 组织构建学术探讨 tissue construction academic discussion • 上一篇    下一篇

唾液检测在运动指标分析中的应用★

李敏华,唐  健   

  1. 广西师范大学体育学院,广西壮族自治区桂林市 541004
  • 收稿日期:2012-01-04 修回日期:2012-01-11 出版日期:2012-03-11
  • 作者简介:李敏华★,女,1977年生,广西壮族自治区平乐市人,硕士,讲师,主要从事体育教育训练学方面的研究。zhangguohaiwansui@126.com

Application of saliva test in sports-related biochemical indexes analysis

Li Min-hua, Tang Jian   

  1. College of Physical Education, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin  541004, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China
  • Received:2012-01-04 Revised:2012-01-11 Online:2012-03-11
  • About author:Li Min-hua★, Master, Lecturer, College of Physical Education, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 541004, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China zhangguohaiwansui@126.com

摘要:

背景:在唾液检测研究过程中发现多项检测指标与血液呈正相关性,因此越来越多的研究者将唾液检测作为机体生化指标检测另一项重要手段,且运动研究工作者也将唾液检验作为一种方便有效且可以长期操作的检验方法。
目的:全面了解唾液作为个体生化指标检测的操作方法、可行性以及优劣势分析,以期将其作为运动个体的机能和心理状态的分析手段。
方法:电子检索PubMed数据库和中国期刊全文数据库1980/2011收录的唾液作为个体生化指标检测的文章,并重点突出唾液相关生化指标的检测在运动研究中的运用。早期的无建设性意义的以及内容重复的文章通过手动选择被排除在外。
结果与结论:通过31篇文献可证实唾液检测这种快捷有效的检测手段具有其便捷性和有效性。其中免疫球蛋白A、皮质醇、睾酮、脱氢表雄酮、淀粉酶在血液中的浓度和唾液中的浓度具有较好的相关性,作为生化指标的检测应用较为广泛。随着研究的深入,唾液分析这一检测手段在运动个体运动状况和身体状况监测中将被逐步推广使用。
关键词:唾液;血液;检测;指标;运动
doi:10.3969/j.issn.1673-8225.2012.11.040

关键词: 唾液, 血液, 检测, 指标, 运动

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Significant correlations are observed between saliva and blood in evaluating biochemical parameters. Therefore, more and more researchers take saliva test as another important method to monitoring organism biochemical parameters. Besides, more and more researchers in sport and exercise science take saliva test as a convenient and effective method of long-term operation test.
OBJECTIVE: To multianalysis of saliva test as a method of the individual biochemical parameters, including operation, advantages, disadvantages, and feasibility analysis. So this method can be an effective tool to test individual physical condition and mental state.
METHODS: A computer-based online search of PubMed database (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/) and CNKI database (http://www.cnki.net/) was performed for papers published from 1980 to 2011 with the key words of “saliva, blood, test, indictor, sport, excercise”. Analysis and choosing those papers related to saliva test applied in evaluating biochemical parameters, especially applied in exercise. Published earlier, repeated and similar studies were excluded.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Thirty-one literatures were included and it can be concluded that saliva analysis is a convenient and effective tool for monitoring biochemical parameters. Significant correlations were reported between salivary and blood   concentrations including salivary immune-globulin A, cortisol, testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone and amylase, and these biochemical parameters have been extensive used. As the development of the research, saliva analysis will be a significant tool for assessing individual physiological and psychological conditions with exercise and training.

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