中国组织工程研究 ›› 2012, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (11): 2087-2090.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-8225.2012.11.044

• 组织构建临床实践 clinical practice in tissue construction • 上一篇    

一个新的ACTC1基因5’端剪切位点突变可能在先天性心脏病室间隔缺损发病中起重要作用★

李  航1,王彬彬2,高秉仁1,柳江燕3,赵启明1,陈文胜1,王  炜1,杨  堃1   

  1. 兰州大学第二医院,1心脏外科,3核医学科,甘肃省兰州市  730030;2 国家人口计生委科研所,北京市  100081)
  • 收稿日期:2011-09-19 修回日期:2011-09-28 出版日期:2012-03-11
  • 通讯作者: 高秉仁,医学硕士,教授,主任医师,兰州大学第二医院心脏外科,甘肃省兰州市 730030
  • 作者简介:李航★,男,1987年生,甘肃省张掖市人,汉族,兰州大学在读硕士,主要从事先天性心脏病方面的研究。

A novel 5’ splice site mutation in ACTC1 gene may play an important role in congenital ventricular septal defect★

Li Hang1, Wang Bin-bin2, Gao Bing-ren1, Liu Jiang-yan3, Zhao Qi-ming1, Chen Wen-sheng1, Wang Wei1, Yang Kun1   

  1. 1Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, 3Department of Nuclear Medicine, the Second Hospital of Lanzhou University, Lanzhou  730030, Gansu Province, China; 2National Research Institute for Family Planning, Beijing  100081, China
  • Received:2011-09-19 Revised:2011-09-28 Online:2012-03-11
  • Contact: author: Gao Bing-ren, Master, Professor, Chief physician, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, the Second Hospital of Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730030, Gansu Province, China bingrengao123@sina.com
  • About author:Li Hang★, Studying for master’s degree, Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, the Second Hospital of Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730030, Gansu Province, China 451234047@qq.com

摘要:

背景:ACTC1是先天性心脏病的候选基因,且与人类先天性心脏病房间隔缺损有关。
目的:对110个先天性心脏病核心家系中ACTC1基因进行突变筛查。
方法:在110个先天性心脏病核心家系与300例无报道有心脏畸形的正常人之间进行对照试验。使用5对引物将ACTC1基因的6个编码区片段进行PCR体外扩增,从PCR产物中筛查基因突变。
结果与结论:在ACTC1基因的第五外显子下游5’端剪切位点第3个碱基发现了1个G-A的全新的突变。这个突变存在于1个患有单纯性室间隔缺损的女孩和她30岁的没有报道过心脏畸形的父亲,且该突变没有在300例正常对照组中筛出。提示该突变可能与人类先天性心脏病室间隔缺损有关。

关键词: 先天性心脏病, 室间隔缺损, ACTC1基因, 剪切位点, 隐蔽剪切位点

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: As a candidate gene of congenital heart disease, ACTC1 gene is related to congenital atrial septal defect in humans.
OBJECTIVE: To perform a mutation screen of ACTC1 gene in 110 nuclear families of congenital heart disease.
METHODS: A case-control study was conducted based on 110 nuclear families of congenital heart disease and 300 normal human beings with no reported cardiac malformation. Six fragments in the coding region of ACTC1 gene was amplified by PCR in vitro using five primers pairs. PCR products were screened for gene mutations.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: A novel G-to-A variant was found at the third nucleotide of the intron downstream from exon 5. This mutation existed in a 5-year-old female with an isolated ventricular septal defect and her 30-year-old father, who had no reported cardiac anomalies. This mutation was not detected in 300 normal controls. These findings indicate that the mutation may be related with congenital ventricular septal defects in humans.

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